Does Animal Feeding Affect Meat Quality? Here's The Answer
The Impact of Animal Feed on Meat Quality
The quality of meat varies depending on several factors, such as feed, animal nutrition levels, age at weaning, castration, age at slaughter, and more. Nutrition experts in animal husbandry have developed new feeding strategies to improve meat quality by altering the composition of cattle and poultry feeds.
Sensory analysis of meat flavor has been used in most studies on the effect of feeds on meat flavor. High-energy grain-rich regimens have been shown to result in meat with a more acceptable or denser flavor in red meats compared to low-energy regimens that include forage or grass.
The regimen also affects the amount of muscle fat and the composition of fatty acids in meat, directly impacting its juiciness, texture, and flavor during consumption.
What is Feed?
Feeds contain varying proportions of protein, energy, vitamins, and minerals, which are known as nutritional components.
Animal nutritionists work to meet the nutritional requirements of livestock through combinations of different feeds, ensuring their well-being and optimal production. The nutritional components of meat, milk, and eggs are essential sources of protein.
Despite significant differences in the digestive physiology of cattle, sheep, and poultry, meat quality can be regulated through nutrition, primarily by adjusting the quantity and mixture of nutrients provided to the animals.
What is Nutritional Efficiency?
Grass-fed nutrition produces meat with a stronger flavor. Increasing energy density in the regimen leads to increased carcass weight and fat storage, and feeding fats rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids enhances linolenic acid in beef meat.
How to Evaluate Animal Feed Quality?
Chemical, digestive, and enzymatic methods are the main techniques used to assess feed and its quality. The Weende analysis system and detergents are commonly used chemical methods for evaluating feeds.
Does Animal Feed Alter the Taste of Poultry?
Commercial chickens commonly consume corn for carbohydrates and soybeans for protein, along with a variety of vitamin and mineral supplements. Research indicates that significantly changing the source of carbohydrates can affect the flavor of meat.
Animal nutrition plays a crucial role in building the essential elements of meat, and proper animal nutrition affects the quality and efficiency of meat products as well as healthy human nutrition. Providing adequate nutrients is necessary to maintain profitable and healthy animal production and protect animal health in all species.